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SMASHING PILLARS... RAISING SONS

The Gospel of the Kingdom: The pre-Adamic race, angels, the sons of God, the sons of man Pt. 1 & 2

Shalom Pillars,

You are going to really enjoy this teaching! In this two part teaching I discuss topics such as the race that was on earth before Adam, Lucifer's fall, who was in the garden before Adam, what Adam's role was in the garden, who are the sons of God mentioned in the Old Testament, and what is an angel and what is not an angel in the Bible. Audio recording attached below along with my notes for the teaching in PDF format.


I mentioned in the audio that a lot of the material I used in this teaching came from a book authored by Sue Watkins. Here's a link to her Amazon page. I highly recommend this book. She has been commissioned by God to write this book and it is packed with revelation and it has a heavy anointing on it. Click here: A Survey of Genesis Through the Lens of a Kingdom Scope Volume One - The Beginning by Sue Watkins.


John 18:36 - Jesus answered, "My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here."


NT#G932 – basileia - kingdom - royal power, kingship, dominion, rule


NT#G2889 – kosmos – world - an apt and harmonious arrangement or constitution, order, government


- My royal power and authority are not of this order and system of government.


Luke 4:5-8 NKJV 5 Then the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 And the devil said to Him, "All this authority I will give You, and their glory; for [this] has been delivered to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. 7 "Therefore, if You will worship before me, all will be Yours." 8 And Jesus answered and said to him, "Get behind Me, Satan! For it is written, 'You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve.'


NT# G5308 – hypsēlos - high, lofty; exalted on high; height of measurement; of place, heaven.

NT# G3735 – oros – mountain. Root - to raise up, elevate, lift up;

NT#G932 – basileia - kingdom - royal power, kingship, dominion, rule

NT# G3625 – oikoumenē – the whole inhabited earth, the world; the abode of men and animals


The high mountain the devil takes Yeshua upon is not just a physical high mountain. It is the high mountain of Satan’s kingdom and system of government. Very possible they were standing where the throne of the ruler sat. So the mountain the devil took Yeshua to could be seen as the seat of the government of the kingdoms of darkness. We know this is not the High Mountain where Yeshua’s royal power, authority, order, and system of government comes from. These are two very different and distinct worlds (orders, systems of government); like night and day, literally.


Ezekiel 28:14, 16 - You were the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. “By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones.


Lucifer was the first king/priest and had a seat on the Divine Council. Not only did he lose his seat of authority in the government of God and on earth, but it also happened so fast he didn’t know what hit him. He fell like lightning according to Yeshua in Luke 10:18. Although Satan has lost his authority he has retained his power. In the very next very v19, Yeshua says, Behold, I give you the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall by any means hurt you.


Mountain can represent a government or kingdom.


Zechariah 4:6-7 NKJV 6 So he answered and said to me: "This [is] the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: 'Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,' Says the LORD of hosts. 7 'Who [are] you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel [you shall become] a plain! And he shall bring forth the capstone With shouts of "Grace, grace to it!" ' "


Jeremiah 51:25 - “Behold, I am against you, O destroying mountain, Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the Lord, “And I will stretch out My hand against you, And roll you down from the crags, And I will make you a burnt out mountain.


Isaiah 41:15 - “Behold, I have made you a new, sharp threshing sledge with double edges; You will thresh the mountains and pulverize them, And will make the hills like chaff.


Micah 4:1 - And it will come about in the last days That the mountain of the house of the Lord Will be established as the chief of the mountains. It will be raised above the hills, And the peoples will stream to it.


Habakkuk 3:6 - He stood and surveyed the earth; He looked and startled the nations.

Yes, the perpetual mountains were shattered, The ancient hills collapsed.

His ways are everlasting.


Matthew 21:20-21 NKJV 20 And when the disciples saw [it], they marveled, saying, "How did the fig tree wither away so soon?" 21 So Jesus answered and said to them, "Assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but also if you say to this mountain, 'Be removed and be cast into the sea,' it will be done.


Isaiah 2:2 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days That the mountain of the LORD’s house Shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the hills; And all nations shall flow to it.


Daniel 2:34, 35 - “You watched while a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces. “Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold were crushed together, and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; the wind carried them away so that no trace of them was found. And the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.


The scriptures clearly state there are two kingdoms. Kingdoms are ruled by kings and have citizens. We are talking about a spiritual kingdom with spiritual beings, sentient beings as its citizens. Not all citizens in the kingdom are sons in the Father’s house just as not everything in the bible called an angel is an angel.


You may ask what this has to do with salvation through Jesus Christ. Everything, if you ask me. We need to understand our place in the kingdom but how can we know our place in the kingdom if we do not understand what the kingdom is?


You have a rank in the kingdom. You were created for a specific purpose. Do you know your rank? Do you know the purpose you were created for in the kingdom? These are questions we should be asking but the answers must be biblical.


Scripture clearly reveals the kingdom, but not just any kingdom. Scripture reveals the system of government the kingdom operates in and the subjects of the kingdom.


Yahweh wants us to have a better understanding of our place in the universe. But it must be Biblical, backed by scripture.


God revealed to me through dreams that He is beginning to release a greater revelation of the Gospel of the Kingdom and with the revelation comes authority and power to confirm the revelation with signs and wonders.


The revelation of the Gospel of Salvation revealed Yeshua as the Lamb of God. When we saw Him as the Lamb we became as we saw Him, we became His sheep.


The revelation of the Gospel of the Kingdom will reveal the Lion of the tribe of Judah. When we see Him as the Lion we will become like Him, Lions of the Bride of Christ.


1 John 3:2 and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is.


The Lord wants to reveal the King and the Kingdom. Yes, Yeshua is the King of kings, but God said He is not speaking of that King. He is speaking of King Yahweh. There are two thrones in heaven.


Revelation 3:20-22 NKJV 20 "Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come into him and dine with him, and he with Me. 21 "To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne. 22 "He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches."


The revelation of the Gospel of the Kingdom:

· Will reveal the King Yahweh

· Will reveal a greater understanding of the King Yeshua

· Will reveal the kingdom in ways not yet known to man

· Will reveal what our place and rank is in the kingdom

· I believe this will cause the manifesting of the sons of God that creation is groaning for, who are the priests of the Father’s house.


Regarding the power to confirm signs and wonders this greater revelation of the Gospel of the Kingdom, I asked the Lord what more could be done supernaturally that He hasn’t already done. The following verse came to mind:


John 14:12 NKJV 12 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do he will do also; and greater [works] than these he will do, because I go to My Father.


John 21:25 NKJV 25 And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world [cosmos] itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen.


For the church to understand the kingdom it first must acknowledge that UFOs have been proven to exist and that extraterrestrials exist. The church needs to understand that the beings, entities, extraterrestrials, or whatever they present themselves to be they are not of God. They are either fallen angels or other inter-dimensional beings that hate humanity and seek to exterminate mankind.

· We see headlines in the major news outlets today

· Scientists are acknowledging the reality of UFOs.

· Pentagon creates new office to probe UFO reports

· They have vehicles and bodies of dead aliens recovered from crash sites.


September 15, 2020, the Lord told me the Time Travelers are coming but they are not real Time Travelers they are fallen ones who will say they are our siblings from the future who come to share their advanced technology with us.


They are extraterrestrial but only because they are not terrestrial or from this dimension. Yahweh is Extraterrestrial because his place of providence is in the higher dimension. There may be whole planets of sentient beings but they are inter-dimensional. They are either part of the Kingdom of God or part of the fallen ones. They will say they are inter-dimensional and that they created us long ago. Hogwash.

To better understand our place in the universe we must understand we are not the center of it.

  • We were not conceived with the universe and the universe was not created for man. It was created for Yeshua.

  • We were born into the cosmos, not with it.

  • We were thrust into the fray/fabric of a political, societal, and marshal conflict that involves intelligent sentient beings beyond our understanding of exceedingly ancient origin.

  • In other words, we were born smack dab into the middle of a cosmic war.

  • The universe was getting along without us before we ever came onto the scene.

  • Not everything in the bible called an angel is an angel.

Yeshua is the center of all things. If we use a bicycle wheel as an example Christ would be the hub (center) of the wheel. Everything inside the rim of the tire represents the universe/cosmos/the Kingdom. There is the wheel, connected to the wheel are the spokes, and the spokes are connected to the hub, which is Christ. Man is not God’s crowning achievement. Christ is God’s crowning achievement. In Him, we are God’s crowning achievement.


The apostles taught Christ was the very center, source of the universe; the reason for which it was created. The story of redemption is about Him, and it was written for Him, and He is the sole


Colossians 1:15-17 NKJV 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. 17 And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.


Mankind is a spoke in the wheel. If we are a spoke who or what do the other spokes represent? The other spokes represent the other sentient beings (celestial, angels, etc.) in the cosmos. When I say cosmos I am referring to the kingdom.


Genesis does not describe the creation of the universe and its planetary bodies. Rather, it describes the renewal of the earth in the aftermath of utter ruin which ends with the creation of Adam to govern it. However, Adam was not the first one in the garden. There was a race on earth before Adam was created. This pre-Adamic race was destroyed by the flood of Genesis 1:2. Yes, your read that correctly. Noah’s flood was not the first flood. Lucifer’s flood was the first flood. Stay with me.


Genesis 1:1-2 NKJV 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was [became] without form, and void; and darkness [was] on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.


When God created the heavens and the earth they were perfect. Something happened to cause the earth to become without form, and void, and covered in darkness.


Jeremiah 4:23-26 NKJV 23 I beheld the earth, and indeed [it was] without form, and void; And the heavens, they [had] no light. 24 I beheld the mountains, and indeed they trembled, And all the hills moved back and forth. 25 I beheld, and indeed [there was] no man, And all the birds of the heavens had fled. 26 I beheld, and indeed the fruitful land [was] a wilderness, And all its cities were broken down At the presence of the LORD, By His fierce anger.


Message Bible - v 23-26 I looked at the earth—it was back to pre-Genesis chaos and emptiness. I looked at the skies, and not a star to be seen. I looked at the mountains—they were trembling like aspen leaves, And all the hills rocking back and forth in the wind. I looked—what’s this! Not a man or woman in sight, and not a bird to be seen in the skies. I looked—this can’t be! Every garden and orchard shriveled up. All the towns were ghost towns. And all this because of God, because of the blazing anger of God.


Psalm 104:29-31 - You hide Your face, they are troubled; You take away their breath, they die and return to their dust. 30 You send forth Your Spirit, they are created; And You renew the face of the earth. 31 May the glory of the LORD endure forever; May the LORD rejoice in His works.


After the first flood, God renews the earth and creates Adam, and places him in the garden. Adam was the first king/priest according to the order of Melchizedek. The Melchizedek priests operated in the double portion inheritance which is the birthright and blessing. They operated in both realms, the spirit and the natural.


Genesis 1:28 NKJV 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill [replenish] the earth and subdue (govern) it; have dominion (only kings and princes have dominion) over the fish of the sea (sons of the kingdom), over the birds (spirits) of the air (spirit realm, higher dimensions), and over every living thing (beast) that moves on the earth."


A beast is symbolic of someone who does not know Yahweh, someone who is ruled by his carnal nature rather than being led by the Spirit.


2 Peter 3:5-7 NKJV 5 For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, 6 by which the world (the one before the first flood) that then existed perished, being flooded with water. 7 But the heavens and the earth (the one after Noah’s flood) which are now preserved by the same word, are reserved for fire until the Day of Judgment and perdition of ungodly men.


Another way to know show in the scriptures that there were two floods is by contrasting the two.


20 Contrasts Between the Two Floods (I found these examples in the Dakes Bible)



It was the fall of Lucifer, a third of the angels that rebelled against Yahweh with him, and the rebellion of the pre-Adamic race that brought the first flood and also caused the light of the sun, moon, and stars to be withheld from the earth leaving it in total darkness.


Ezekiel 28:1-19 and Isaiah 14:1-21, tell the story of Lucifer’s fall from heaven but that was not his place. He was created to rule the earth and placed in the garden in Eden. This was before God renewed the earth and created Adam. Lucifer was a kind of prototype of the king/priest that Adam was created to be and function as.


Ezekiel 28:12-16 NKJV 12 "Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "You [were] the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone [was] your covering: (he wore a breastplate as high priest) The sardius, topaz, and diamond, Beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold. The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes Was prepared for you on the day you were created. 14 "You [were] the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. 15 You [were] perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you. 16 "By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones.


Lucifer was the seal of perfection, filled with wisdom, and perfect in beauty. He must have been something to behold. He was in Eden, the Garden of God. He was created for the sole purpose of ruling the world to represent Yahweh to the people so he was a king. He had a seat on the Divine Council as a representative of the people on earth. He was an intercessor for the people. He wore the breastplate of a high priest so he was a priest of God, he was also anointed and established so he was a prophet. It could be said of Lucifer that he was a king, priest, and prophet of God before his fall. Adam was placed in the garden and was the first Melchizedek on earth. His purpose was to steward the earth until the Messiah would come as High Priest of the Melchizedek priesthood and take possession. The earth, mankind, and all of creation are His inheritance. It was created by Him for Him. We are only stewards until He returns to inherit all things. In Him we are co-inheritors.


Isaiah 14:12-15 NKJV 12 "How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [How] you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: 'I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation On the farthest sides of the north; 14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.' 15 Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol, To the lowest depths of the Pit.


Luke 10:18 NKJV And He said to them, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.


Let’s look at the other characters in the story, specifically the ones we could call our extraterrestrial elder siblings.

  • Race of beings mostly referred to as angels in the bible.

  • They are extraterrestrial because they are not of the earth.

  • An extraterrestrial is a being whose providence is not planet Earth.

  • Providence is where you come from.

  • Residence is where you reside.

  • In the bible, they are called elohim.

· It is very possible for a being of extraterrestrial providence to be residing on earth. The Watchers.


Bible introduces us to a race of beings that are clearly alien, without dispute extraterrestrial, and ancient beyond all comprehension. The Bible describes them as – the morning stars.

  • Job 38:4-7 NKJV 4 "Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell [Me], if you have understanding. 5 Who determined its measurements? Surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it? 6 To what were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone, 7 When the morning stars sang together, And all the sons of God shouted for joy?

They are not referring to the literal stars but the sentient sons of God. These sons of God are older than the earth itself since they were present to witness its formation before Genesis 1:2. Not the renewal of the earth but the actual beginning or creation of the earth. In the beginning, God created is not referring to the story of the earth’s renewal.


The morning stars are the sons of God. In Hebrew, bene elohim. Elohim means they are from the higher dimension/spirit realm and not ours. They are from there, not here. They are also not angels.


An angel in the OT is malak in Hebrew and in the NT angelos in Greek. Both mean the same thing. An envoy, an emissary; one who is sent.


1 Kings 19:1-3 NKJV, 1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, also how he had executed all the prophets with the sword. 2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger [malak] to Elijah, saying, "So let the gods do [to me], and more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time." 3 And when he saw [that], he arose and ran for his life, and went to Beersheba, which [belongs] to Judah, and left his servant there.


Hebrews 13:2 NKJV 2 Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so [doing] some have unwittingly entertained angels.


Act 6:15 NKJV 15 And all who sat in the council, looking steadfastly at him, saw his face as the face of an angel.


The bible does not say exactly what angels are but we know they are male. There are no female angels mentioned in the Bible. They do not have wings. The only angels in the bible with wings are the ones mentioned in prophetic dreams and visions.


Angels are often found in possession of technology such and vehicles of conveyance (UFOs) and weapons of war.


Angels also eat and drink as they do with Abraham and Lot. (Genesis 18 & 19)


Some angels deliver messages and some engage in warfare, some execute the judgment of God, and some minister to the children of men. The bible never tells us who or exactly what they are.


What we do know of the angels of heaven:

  • Have a spoken and written language

  • They keep records

  • They sing and compose music

  • They eat and drink

  • They possess and wield technology

  • They are the subject of a kingdom complete with a complex system of government. (the Melchizedek system of government)

  • And a standing army.

These are the hallmarks of society and culture. We can rationally conclude that these non-human angelic beings depicted in the scriptures are citizens of an advanced extraterrestrial civilization…that predates our own. What is this advanced extraterrestrial civilization call? The Melchizedek Kingdom or the Kingdom of God, or the Kingdom of Righteousness.


John 18:36 - Jesus answered, "My kingdom (royal authority and power) is not of this world (order, system of government).


This is the reason Yeshua taught us to pray in the following manner:

Luke 11:2 NKJV - 2 So He said to them, "When you pray, say: Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom (royal power, kingship, dominion, rule) come. Your will (commands and precepts/order, system of government) be done on earth as [it is] in heaven (the kingdom).


Mankind did not invent civilization…we inherited it. The benchmarks of a civilized society

  • sophisticated bureaucracy

  • social hierarchy

  • a criminal justice system

  • refined spoken and written language

  • technological advancement

  • military organization

These were already in existence in the universe before Adam emerged from the earth and clay. We are just the beneficiaries of the elder race/elder siblings.


We are the recipients of their societal institutions and the co-inheritors of their kingdom, also the co-inheritors of their condemnation should we follow the rebellion.

They are clearly members of an advanced civilization that is the predecessor and prototype of our own until their rebellion. Our society and culture, our system of government, is patterned after theirs just as God instructed Moses to build the tabernacle after the pattern shown to him on the mountain of God, which means in heaven.


Exodus 25:40 RSV 40 And see that you make them after the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain.


Although they are not human they may be rightly considered our Elder Siblings. (as new creations we are not human either) They are also the members of a family to which we once belonged. This ancestral relationship between the angels and mankind is a term frequently used in the scriptures – sons of God.


The term sons of God – bene elohim– provides clarity in a way that unites the Elder Race and the Human Race in remarkable ways.


“sons of God” is always and only used in the OT to refer to the non-procreated children of God; beings not created in a womb (e.g. angels, Adam) – as a side note Adam and Yeshua are the only two created beings (human) everyone else was procreated.


The term carries over into the NT where it retains its OT meaning but does not apply to the sons of men who through Christ can become the sons of God.


As John explains:


John 1:12-13 KJV 12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name: 13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.


When we believe in Yeshua/Jesus we are born-again. In other words, we become a new creation that is not made through procreation.


Human beings do not yet qualify to this estate as they are still the product of procreation or sexual intercourse. The will of the flesh.


John is not saying that those who believe are already the sons of God but have been given the power to become the sons of God by being born-again. This power is the hope of the gospel, the resurrection.


By faith, we are the sons of God, but we have not become the fullness of what it means to be a son of God because we are still from here not there. We cannot take on the title ben elohim until we are from over there. We are by faith sons of God just as by faith we are seated in Christ in heavenly places. The fullness of being seated with Him comes after the resurrection from the dead.


When studying this subject the Spirit said the following to me: God is faithful to finish this good work that he has begun in you until the day of Christ. In other words, we are in a spiritual embryotic state in this life. God is nurturing us making sure we get all the spiritual nutrients we need to come to full maturity. When this membrane (the flesh, this filthy tunic) breaks open we will come out full-term and mature, ready to rule and reign as His kings and priests on the earth. Revelation 5:9-10 NKJV 9 And they sang a new song, saying: "You are worthy to take the scroll, And to open its seals; For You were slain, And have redeemed us to God by Your blood Out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, 10 And have made us kings and priests to our God; And we shall reign on the earth."


Notice how Jesus answered the Sadducees when they try to entangle him with the parable about the widow who had seven husbands, all of them being brothers…


Luke 20:34-36 NKJV 34 Jesus answered and said to them, "The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35 "But those who are counted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36 "nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.


It’s after the resurrection that we come full-term, fully matured, sons of God. We will then truly be bene elohim in every sense of the term.


The sons of God in heaven and on earth are destined to be united in Christ in what is essentially a family reunion, as mankind was conceived as a son in the beginning.


It is evident that Adam was a son of God in the genealogy of Jesus Christ recorded in Luke who affirms Jesus to be the son of Joseph and traces his lineage all the way back to David, through Noah, and to Adam, the son of God.


Luke 3:23, 36-38 NKJV 23 Now Jesus Himself began [His ministry at] about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) [the] son of Joseph, [the son] of Heli, ... 36 [the son] of Cainan, [the son] of Arphaxad, [the son] of Shem, [the son] of Noah, [the son] of Lamech, 37 [the son] of Methuselah, [the son] of Enoch, [the son] of Jared, [the son] of Mahalalel, [the son] of Cainan, 38 [the son] of Enosh, [the son] of Seth, [the son] of Adam, [the son] of God.


Adam, like the angels, was a son of God, a sibling in the Father’s house. He enjoyed the privileged estate until the fall which alienated him from the divine family and indentured (A contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified term.) him to Satan.


Satan was the original fallen son with whom Adam would have been condemned forever if a way of reconciliation had not been made through the cross. This is the essence of the gospel, the Good News which was declared to mankind through Jesus Christ. He came to seek and save the lost sons of Adam and lead them back to the Father’s House.


Jesus beautifully illustrates the story of the gospel in the parable of the prodigal son:


Luke 15:11-32 NKJV 11 Then He said: "A certain man had two sons. 12 "And the younger of them said to [his] father, 'Father, give me the portion of goods that falls [to me].' So he divided to them [his] livelihood. 13 "And not many days after, the younger son gathered all together, journeyed to a far country, and there wasted his possessions with prodigal living. 14 "But when he had spent all, there arose a severe famine in that land, and he began to be in want. 15 "Then he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. 16 "And he would gladly have filled his stomach with the pods that the swine ate, and no one gave him [anything]. 17 "But when he came to himself, he said, 'How many of my father's hired servants have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! 18 'I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, "Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you, 19 "and I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Make me like one of your hired servants." ' 20 "And he arose and came to his father. But when he was still a great way off, his father saw him and had compassion, and ran and fell on his neck and kissed him. 21 "And the son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight, and am no longer worthy to be called your son.' 22 "But the father said to his servants, 'Bring out the best robe and put [it] on him, and put a ring on his hand and sandals on [his] feet. 23 'And bring the fatted calf here and kill [it], and let us eat and be merry; 24 'for this my son was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' And they began to be merry. 25 "Now his older son was in the field. And as he came and drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. 26 "So he called one of the servants and asked what these things meant. 27 "And he said to him, 'your brother has come, and because he has received him safe and sound, your father has killed the fatted calf.' 28 "But he was angry and would not go in. Therefore his father came out and pleaded with him. 29 "So he answered and said to [his] father, 'Lo, these many years I have been serving you; I never transgressed your commandment at any time; and yet you never gave me a young goat, that I might make merry with my friends. 30 'But as soon as this son of yours came, who has devoured your livelihood with harlots, you killed the fatted calf for him.' 31 "And he said to him, 'Son, you are always with me, and all that I have is yours. 32 'It was right that we should make merry and be glad, for your brother was dead and is alive again, and was lost and is found.' "


Five characters in this parable:

  • Father

  • Older son

  • Younger son

  • Servants

  • Swineherd

The main character is the younger son who squanders the co-inheritance of his father’s estate which he shares with his Elder Brother. The squalor that befalls the younger son is symbolic of the wages of sin and the consequence of estrangement from the family. Due to his impoverishment, the prodigal son becomes subject to a swineherd which is symbolic of Satan.


The younger son recognizes the depravity of his folly and decides to return to his father’s house in the hope that he might be received back if only as a lowly servant.


It is important to note that not all those who are in the father’s house are sons. The servants though employed in the house are not members of the family. This circumstance implies that there are other sentient creatures inhabiting the cosmos who though citizens of the kingdom are not the sons of God.


When the father sees the younger son he runs out to meet him. The son assumes the father would be fuming with displeasure is surprised to find him brimming with joy and kisses his face.


The father escorts his son home and adorns him in new clothes representative of the righteousness of Christ and the resurrection.