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The Feast of Purim

03-13-22 Vlog – The Feast of Purim
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Shalom dear and precious Pillars,
The Feast of Purim this year begins tomorrow evening, Wednesday, March 16 and it ends the next evening, Thursday, March 17. Purim is not one of the appointed feasts of the Lord, but it is a feast that will be celebrated throughout all eternity. The feasts of the Lord listed in Leviticus 23 and along with Purim and Hanukkah are historical events but they are also a shadow of things to come, Yeshua, our High Priest according to the order of Melchizedek, being the substance of them all.

During the feasts the Lord promised to draw near to His people to accomplish a specific work in our lives. I believe this is what David was rejoicing over when he penned the following words: Psalm 133. A Song of Ascents. Of David. Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the precious oil upon the head, Running down on the beard, The beard of Aaron, Running down on the edge of his garments. It is like the dew of Hermon, Descending upon the mountains of Zion; For there the LORD commanded the blessing—Life forevermore.

David was on his way to Jerusalem for the feast of Tabernacles with such expectancy that his heart was bursting with joy, praise, and worship. Why? I believe David could already sense the Lord drawing near to command a blessing over His people. There was an impartation that would be released during Tabernacles that David said was so tangible that it was like the anointing oil running down Aaron's beard. Wow! This blessing can only be received in the corporate setting of the feasts of the Lord. When the Hebrew letters and pictograms for Esther are interpreted it says the following: “Behold! A door to the place where heaven and earth touch!” Or it could be said this way, "Behold, the place where God draws near to His people!"

Notes for the audio provided below and attached as a PDF for downloading to print.

The Feast of Purim

Now before we get into the Feast of Purim I feel I need to explain a little of what the feasts are and what they are not because if you are not familiar with them you are probably thinking to yourself right about now, has Samuel converted to Judaism? Nope.

So let me explain a little about the feasts and then we will get into the Feast of Purim. Most Christians who have heard about the feasts or who have read about the feasts in the Bible think of them as the feasts of the Jews. In fact, that’s what they are called by most people, but the truth is they are not called the feasts of the Jews anywhere in the Bible. The Bible teaches that the feasts are the Lord’s feasts. They are Yahweh’s appointed times every year when His people are called to a holy convocation, a sacred assembly.

Leviticus 23:2 NKJV "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.

The feasts were given to the Israelites to steward them. They were to teach their children about them by retelling the story of the feast and their children were to teach their children. The feasts were set at appointed times on the same day every year. God gave clear instruction that the feasts were to be taught throughout all generations.

The feasts were times when Yahweh promised to draw near to the people to accomplish a specific work in their lives…if they showed up.

Psalm 133:1-3 NKJV
1 A Song of Ascents. Of David. Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brethren to dwell together in unity! 2 It is like the precious oil upon the head, Running down on the beard, The beard of Aaron, Running down on the edge of his garments. 3 It is like the dew of Hermon, Descending upon the mountains of Zion; For there the LORD commanded the blessing--Life forevermore.

These seven feasts are appointed times. In addition to these seven feasts, there are two feasts celebrated every year that are not appointed but are recorded in the Bible and the Apocrypha (extra-biblical text).

Though the feasts of the Lord are appointed times kept for thousands of years. They are also prophetic symbolism revealing Yeshua. All the feasts point to Yeshua and His accomplished works or the fruit of His works. The feasts are a foreshadowing of things to come, and Christ is the very substance of them. We know when Yeshua first came He fulfilled the first four feasts, which are called the spring feasts, on the very day they were to be celebrated.

The Feast of Purim (not an appointed time) – Esther 9:26-32
1. Passover – Jesus fulfilled as the Passover Lamb Himself
2. Unleavened Bread – Jesus fulfilled by being crucified and buried
3. Firstfruits – Jesus fulfilled by being resurrected on the third day the firstfruits of many brethren.
4. Pentecost – Fulfilled by the giving of the Word at Sinai in Exodus, and later the Spirit in Acts 2 (both on 7 Sevan)
5. Trumpets / Rosh Hashana – Yet to be fulfilled
6. Atonement - Yet to be fulfilled
7. Tabernacles - Yet to be fulfilled
Hanukkah (not an appointed time) – 1 Maccabees 4:59; John 10:22-23; Hanukkah is also known as the Festival of Lights and the Feast of Dedication.
Since Yeshua fulfilled the first four feasts on the very day they were to be kept. We can expect He will return a second time and fulfill the last three feasts on the very day Yahweh appointed them to be kept. Yeshua’s second coming will be on the Feast of Trumpets. We just don’t know which one.

So there you have it, a short teaching on the feasts of the Lord mentioned in the Old Covenant. There are also references in the New Covenant to the feasts, but in the context of the believers keeping them.

God’s Festivals in the New Testament

1. Passover
Commanded in Old Testament: Leviticus 23:5
Observed by Jesus Christ, the apostles, or the Church in the New Testament:
Matthew 26:2, Matthew 26:17-19, Mark 14:12-16, Luke 2:41-42; Luke 22:1; Luke 22:7-20; John 2:13; John 2:23; John 6:4; John 13:1-30; 1 Corinthians 11:23-29

1 Corinthians 11:23-25 NKJK
23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, "Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me." 25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."

2. Feast of Unleavened Bread
Commanded in Old Testament: Leviticus 23:6-8
Observed by Jesus Christ, the apostles, or the Church in the New Testament:
Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12; Luke 2:41-42, Luke 22:1; Luke 22:7; Acts 20:6; 1 Corinthians 5:6-8

3. Feast of First Fruits (Pentecost)

4. Feast of Pentecost
Commanded in Old Testament: Leviticus 23:15-22
Observed by Jesus Christ, the apostles, or the Church in the New Testament:
Acts 2:1-21; Acts 20:16; 1 Corinthians 16:8;

5. Feast of Trumpets*
Commanded in Old Testament: Leviticus 23:23-25
Observed by Jesus Christ, the apostles, or the Church in the New Testament:
Matthew 24:30-31; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17; Revelation 11:15
*Although the Feast of Trumpets is not mentioned by name in the New Testament, the theme of the day—the sounding of trumpets announcing Jesus Christ's return—is mentioned by several New Testament authors as noted in the references.

6. Day of Atonement
Commanded in Old Testament: Leviticus 23:26-32
Observed by Jesus Christ, the apostles, or the Church in the New Testament:
Acts 27:9

7. Feast of Tabernacles
Commanded in Old Testament: Leviticus 23:33-43
Observed by Jesus Christ, the apostles, or the Church in the New Testament:
John 7:1-2; John 7:8; John 7:10; John 7:14

There are two passages I want to share with you that are referring to feasts and seem to contradict each other but they actually do not. Because of this one of the passages is always misinterpreted by people who do not understand the context of the passage or they have not researched it out for themselves. This leads to bad doctrine and much confusion. So I want to clarify them so you are armed and dangerous when the devil tries to steal your blessing the Lord established for you on day four of recreation.

Colossians 2:15-17 NKJV
15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it. 16 So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths, 17 which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.

Galatians 4:8-11 NKJV
8 But then, indeed, when you did not know God, you served those which by nature are not gods. 9 But now after you have known God, or rather are known by God, how [is it that] you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage? 10 You observe days and months and seasons and years. 11 I am afraid for you, lest I have labored for you in vain.

The Feast of Purim

Now that you have a basic understanding of the feasts, let’s look at the Feast of Purim.

Purim – fate, destiny, or lots

Purim – dice or lots, plural form for Pur. פור

Matt. 27:35 “And when they had crucified Him, they divided and distributed His garments (among them) by casting lots so that the prophet’s saying was fulfilled, ‘They parted My garments among them and over My apparel they cast lots.’”

Ps. 22:18 “They part my clothing among them and cast lots for my raiment.”

The underlying principle of Purim is found in the Abrahamic covenant. “And I will bless those who bless you and I will curse those who curse you.” (Gen. 12:3)

Anti-Semitism is not a new phenomenon. Israel’s enemies have plotted the annihilation of the sons of Jacob throughout the ages. The spirit of Haman is alive and active today.

The historical setting

The historical events recorded in the Book of Esther occurred between the time of Zerubbabel and Ezra – 538 BC and 458 BC. The first “Aliyah” (return of the Jews to Jerusalem after their exile in Babylon) was under Zerubbabel in 538 BC, when King Cyrus ruled. See Isaiah 45. To review: Israel had sunk into immorality and idol worship and rejected God. They were conquered by Nebuchadnezzar and carried away captive to Babylon – a pagan land of idol worship and life without God. However, at the appointed time God raised up a remnant who would return to Israel (Jerusalem) where His plan of redemption could come forth. Zerubbabel means “those who have come out of Babel or Babylon.” The experiences recorded in the book of Esther happened to the Hebrews that did not return to the Land but stayed in Persia.

The current application

Though Esther is a historic book it is a shadow of things to come. It has profound prophetic application for our generation today. God’s people have been scattered throughout the earth. But He once again is calling them back to the land of Israel so that the final plans for the redemption of all mankind can be set into motion. God raised up a modern-day Cyrus (Harry Truman) and used him at the time that the modern state of Israel was re-born. Today, the call to “Aliyah” has gone forth to every nation. Only a handful of Jews have heeded the call. Certain of God’s plans and purposes hinges on the Jews being in His Land. The forces of darkness are at work to prevent that from happening.

Who are the characters that will take center stage as the great drama unfolds?

The main characters

The King – King Ahasuerus is a Persian monarch who rules over 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia. He reigns over the vast Medo-Persian empires. 127 is an indivisible number signifying he is the most powerful man on earth at the time of his reign. There was nothing that he did not control. Even Israel and all the Jews living in Jerusalem were under his rule – however, Israel was God’s ‘Goshen’ set aside for the purposes of God and His people.

Mordechai – son of Jair, tribe of Benjamin. He was a descendant of the first king of Israel (Saul) and Mephibosheth (the crippled son of Jonathan with whom David was in covenant. Remember, David, sought him out to bless him and bring him to his table after the defeat of Saul).

Mordechai is a Babylonian name. Hebrews translated it “servant of God” and “pure myrrh”. He was a master of languages. He had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captives. He was a righteous man and had a prophet status - and he had raised his uncle’s daughter, for she had “neither father nor mother”. Her name was Esther/Hadassah.

Esther – Hadassah (Hebrew) – means myrtle tree – Star
Myrtle is a common indigenous shrub having dark green, scented leaves and starry like white flowers and berries which are eaten. It is used in the Feast of Tabernacles and is a symbol of victory. Myrtle was put into the tombs of the dead and into the crowns of the Bride.

Esther was a Jew but she was asked to keep her identity “secret” until the appointed time. She was in good company (Moses and Joseph both took on the identity of Egypt until the appointed time).

Hadassah written in Hebrew:
hey samech dalet hey

hey – Behold! Breath of God! Brings divine revelation

dalet – Door, pathway

samech – Circle, support, trust, place where heaven and earth intersect

hey – At the end of a word means to behold what comes from the letters

“Behold! A door to the place where heaven and earth touch!”

Queen Vashti. The wife of the King. Her name means beautiful and she was “fair to behold” (although we never get to see her!) She was a descendant of Nebuchadnezzar.

Haman – Haman was an heir to Amalek, the nation that personified evil, insisted that God was absent in the world and everything happened by chance – exactly the opposite of Biblical faith. The Amalekites had an inborn hatred of the Hebrews. It was said that as long as Amalek walked the face of the earth no Jew was safe.

Deut. 25:17-18 "Remember what Amalek did to you on the way when you had come forth from Egypt, How he did not fear God, but when you were faint and weary he attacked you along the way and cut off all the stragglers at your rear. Therefore when The Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies round about in the land which The Lord your God gives you to possess as an inheritance, you shall blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens; you must not forget."

Some say Amalek was the grandson of Esau through a concubine of his (Gen 36:12) and some say he had an earlier ancestry.

Amalek is the singular form of ‘giant’. The Amalekites were known for their ruthlessness, trickery, and tyranny.
Ex. 17 When Moses was moving through the Wilderness of Sin, he encamped at Rephidim (this is the story where there was no water to drink and the Lord told Moses to strike the rock and water came forth), v 8 says, "Then came Amalek and fought with Israel at Rephidim. Aaron and Hur held up Moses's hands while Joshua mowed down and disabled Amalek.

vs. 14 says, "I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens...v16 - Because theirs is a hand against the throne of The Lord, the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation."

Every generation will face war with Amalek. Read I Sam. 15:1-35

Additional references: Gen. 14:7, 36:12,16 Ex. 17:8-11, 13-14,16 Num. 13:29, 14:25, 43,45; 24:20;25:19 Deut. 25:17 Judges 3:13; 5:14, 6:3, 33; 7:12; 10:12; 12:15
I Sam 14:48; 15:2-8, 15,18,20,32; 27:8; 28:18; 30:1, 13,18 II Sam 2:1, 8,13; 8:12
I Chron. 1:36, 4:43; 18:11 Ps. 83:7

Haman is called Haman the Agagite, so he was a descendant of Agag – an Amalekite. Though the account in I Sam says Saul killed them, there were a number that escaped before he could get to them. I Chron. 4:43 – 500 years later talks about the tribe of Simeon destroying Amalekites so we know there were some left.

The book opens with the details of the vast kingdom.

Read Esther 1:4-7
4 when he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the splendor of his excellent majesty for many days, one hundred and eighty days [in all]. 5 And when these days were completed, the king made a feast lasting seven days for all the people who were present in Shushan the citadel, from great to small, in the court of the garden of the king's palace. 6 [There were] white and blue linen [curtains] fastened with cords of fine linen and purple on silver rods and marble pillars; [and the] couches [were] of gold and silver on a [mosaic] pavement of alabaster, turquoise, and white and black marble. 7 And they served drinks in golden vessels, each vessel being different from the other, with royal wine in abundance, according to the generosity of the king.

Looking at a ‘counter covenant’ – the enemy distorting what the true plan of Yahweh is.

*According to the rabbis the 180 day banquet was concluded on the 8th of Nissan and began on the 8th of Tishrei (482-3 BCE). This was the anniversary of the dedication of Solomon’s Temple. In the counter covenant, the King of Persia was saying he had become the heir to Solomon’s glory and throne.
After the 180 day feast for the royals, the king throws a 7 day party for everyone in the capital city. The king has on display the riches of his glorious kingdom and the splendor of his excellent majesty.

**The banquet ended on the 8th of Nissan and he then invited the locals to a feast that lasted for 7 days – 9th of Nisan to the 15th – Passover. Remember, the remnant had returned to Jerusalem to celebrate Pesach there – although the Temple had not yet been rebuilt and the remnant was in total disarray.

Back to Shushan - The story goes that the instigator of this banquet was Haman – he was scheming to trap the Jewish people. They forsook the Torah and joined themselves to the world, eating and drinking in what I call the “court of the impostor.”

Read v 9 - 12 In the historical account the king was drunk and the story goes he wanted her to disrobe in front of all the subjects of the kingdom – which she rightfully refused.

Herein ends our historical look at this book. I want to for a moment draw a parallel to the counter-covenant of today. We are at a crossroads – the harlot bride, the one who ends up marrying the anti-Messiah will wake up one day and see what his purposes for her are – she will be required to disrobe. While the true Messiah has shed His blood for His bride, the anti-messiah expects his bride to shed her blood for him. We are plunging headlong into the final act and we must now look at this Book through the prophetic lens.

A King, a Bride, and a Kingdom

Now let's look at the story again....this time as it was intended...Read vs. 4-7.

A king - showing the riches of his glorious kingdom and the splendor of his majesty - there is no one more excellent. All the people were there - from the greatest to the smallest in the courts of his majesty - experiencing the glories of his kingdom. All were served in golden vessels in abundance, according to the generosity of the king - v.8 all were served only as each guest desired (remember the covenant types - they are progressive, all are invited, but each one partakes according to his own desire) –

Then on the 7th day of the second feast when the king's heart is merry with wine the king desires to display his bride, Queen Vashti, so that everyone can see her glorious beauty.

Read v 10-11
10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus, 11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king, [wearing] her royal crown, in order to show her beauty to the people and the officials, for she [was] beautiful to behold.

What happens on the 7th day? One of the things is that Yeshua will return to His people Israel and re-graft them into His vine.

7 is the number of divine completion and perfection - on the 7th day, God finished His work and 'rested'. He blessed the 7th day and He sanctified it - and set it apart for His purposes. The ancient Rabbis have said that the 7th day is the greatest and most precious gift mankind has received from the storehouses of God. This is why he was calling for His bride - to bestow upon her the most precious gift mankind can receive. Let's look at the word rest again for a moment - remember we also said that in Hebrew thought 'rest' was an act of creation - it is actually a substance, in Hebrew it is called menucchah (החנומ). On this day The Lord is going to release something that every other generation tried to enter but the Book of Hebrews (chp. 3-4) said they couldn't because of unbelief – There is a Sabbath Rest (7th day rest) where every covenant promise is going to be actualized!! When all will be at rest with God and at peace with the world. Eternal life! We must strive to enter that rest!

While in the counter covenant the story goes that the king was "drunk", but here the Hebrew word for merry is tov (טוב) - a good thing, beautiful, best, cheerful, at ease, gracious, joyful - wanting to do good deeds. Excelling to show kindness to someone - for their welfare - good, kind, upright. The King is delighting to bless His Bride with good things.

What happens? Queen Vashti refuses. Her reason is not stated. Everyone can, but sadly, everyone will not. Whosoever will.

God rose up King Cyrus and Zerubbabel to return to Jerusalem - everyone could, but not everyone did. Some remained behind in Persia. God sovereignly brought the state of Israel back today. Why? So the Jews would return - everyone can, but not everyone will. God is calling us to a place of separation and preparation today - everyone can, but not everyone will. God is calling His people out of Babylon and back to Jerusalem today - everyone can but not everyone will. For whatever reason - the King is calling, but they will not come.
Eph. 5:27 Yahweh's purposes have not changed "That He might present the church to Himself in glorious splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such things (that she might be holy and faultless)."

Rev. 19:7 “Let us rejoice and shout for joy (exulting and triumphant)! Let us celebrate and ascribe to Him glory and honor, for the marriage of the Lamb (at last) has come, and His bride had prepared herself." This is actually the realization of Ps. 118:24 -"This is the day which The Lord has brought about; we will rejoice and be glad in it."

This is it...the last day. The king wants to display the glory of his bride - the crown jewel of His kingdom - and she says no.

Yeshua wants to display to the world His Bride. That is the context in which we will look at the Book of Esther today...

We'll pick the story up in vs. 13 of chp. 1 The king spoke to the wise men who knew the times...

Read the rest of the chapter.

Est 1:13-22 NKJV 13 Then the king said to the wise men who understood the times (for this [was] the king's manner toward all who knew law and justice, 14 those closest to him [being] Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who had access to the king's presence, [and] who ranked highest in the kingdom): 15 "What [shall we] do to Queen Vashti, according to law, because she did not obey the command of King Ahasuerus [brought to her] by the eunuchs?" 16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes: "Queen Vashti has not only wronged the king, but also all the princes, and all the people who [are] in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus. 17 "For the queen's behavior will become known to all women, so that they will despise their husbands in their eyes, when they report, 'King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought in before him, but she did not come.' 18 "This very day the [noble] ladies of Persia and Media will say to all the king's officials that they have heard of the behavior of the queen. Thus [there will be] excessive contempt and wrath. 19 "If it pleases the king, let a royal decree go out from him, and let it be recorded in the laws of the Persians and the Medes, so that it will not be altered, that Vashti shall come no more before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal position to another who is better than she. 20 "When the king's decree which he will make is proclaimed throughout all his empire (for it is great), all wives will honor their husbands, both great and small." 21 And the reply pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Memucan. 22 Then he sent letters to all the king's provinces, to each province in its own script, and to every people in their own language, that each man should be master in his own house, and speak in the language of his own people.

Let them learn His language.

Chp. 2:1-3
Esther 2:1-3 NKJV 1 After these things, when the wrath of King Ahasuerus subsided, he remembered Vashti, what she had done, and what had been decreed against her. 2 Then the king's servants who attended him said: "Let beautiful young virgins be sought for the king; 3 "and let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather all the beautiful young virgins to Shushan the citadel, into the women's quarters, under the custody of Hegai the king's eunuch, custodian of the women. And let beauty preparations be given [them].

Read - Haygay - worthy, fit, suitable

Training for the reign

There are many kingdom principles that we can learn from this book but what we will focus on for this part is found in vs. 3 - the purification of the bride.

Read v 4-12
Esther 2:4-12 NKJV 4 "Then let the young woman who pleases the king be queen instead of Vashti." This thing pleased the king, and he did so. 5 In Shushan the citadel there was a certain Jew whose name [was] Mordecai the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite. 6 [Kish] had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captives who had been captured with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away. 7 And [Mordecai] had brought up Hadassah, that [is], Esther, his uncle's daughter, for she had neither father nor mother. The young woman [was] lovely and beautiful. When her father and mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter. 8 So it was, when the king's command and decree were heard, and when many young women were gathered at Shushan the citadel, [under] the custody of Hegai, that Esther also was taken to the king's palace, into the care of Hegai the custodian of the women. 9 Now the young woman pleased him, and she obtained his favor; so he readily gave beauty preparations to her, besides her allowance. Then seven choice maidservants were provided for her from the king's palace, and he moved her and her maidservants to the best [place] in the house of the women. 10 Esther had not revealed her people or family, for Mordecai had charged her not to reveal [it]. 11 And every day Mordecai paced in front of the court of the women's quarters, to learn of Esther's welfare and what was happening to her. 12 Each young woman's turn came to go into King Ahasuerus after she had completed twelve months' preparation, according to the regulations for the women, for thus were the days of their preparation apportioned: six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with perfumes and preparations for beautifying women.

If you desired to come before the king you were required to complete 12 months of beauty treatments.